The New Oil Cartel Threatening OPEC

Petrochemical plant, Thailand, April 2, 2012 (Photo by freeimage4life)


By Irina Slav

NEW DELHI, India, July 5, 2018 (ENS) – When reports emerged that India and China are in talks about forming an oil buyers’ club, the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, OPEC, was too busy with its upcoming June 22 meeting to concern itself with that dangerous alliance. Now, it may be time for OPEC to start worrying.

“The timing is right. The boom in U.S. oil and gas production gives us greater leverage against OPEC,” the “Times of India” quoted an Indian official as saying last month after the formal start of these talks.

Petrochemical plant, Thailand, April 2, 2012 (Photo by freeimage4life)

India and China launched formal talks in Beijing June 11 for formation of an oil buyers’ club.

The two countries account for a combined 17 percent of global oil consumption, and they are the ones that would be the hardest hit if prices rise as a result of OPEC’s actions.

What’s more, they might not be alone in this attempt to curb OPEC’s clout on the global oil market. According to Carl Pope of Bloomberg News, Europe and Japan, previously reluctant to take part in any anti-OPEC projects, may now join in, because unlike previous oil price cycles, now there are alternatives to fossil fuels.

Electrification is where OPEC may have to face off with a future oil buyers’ cartel.

India, China, and Europe are all very big on electric vehicle (EV) adoption. Japan is a leader in battery manufacturing. If they set their minds to it, these four players could upend the oil market and effectively cripple OPEC. Of course, this is a scenario of the kind that rarely unfolds in reality.

filling station
Indian Oil filling station on the road to Udaipur in India’s Rajasthan state. Nov. 8, 2012 (Photo by Deborah Harding)

Let’s take India, for example. A recent survey suggested that as many as 90 percent of Indian drivers were willing to switch to electric vehicles if the government built the necessary charging infrastructure, reduced road taxes, and increased subsidies.

Another survey identified price and range as additional roadblocks towards the mass adoption of EVs in India. Because of these challenges, New Delhi recently amended its ambitious goal of having an all-EV fleet on the roads of the country by 2030 to having 30 percent of the fleet electric by then.

China, for its part, is the undisputed leader in global electric vehicle adoption: the country accounted for more than 50 percent of global EV sales last year in case you were thinking, “Wait, wasn’t that Norway?”

This was in large part made possible by generous Chinese government subsidies for EV manufacturing. These subsidies are due to be wound down to zero by 2020, and carmakers are already beginning to brace for a future without the support of the state. It remains uncertain if the EV boom will continue after 2020.

This precarious situation with electric vehicles is reason enough for China and India to seek more clout on international oil markets dominated by OPEC and would justify the formation of a “buyers’ club.”

BYD e6 electric police car in Shenzhen, China, July 23, 2014 (Photo by Linuxthink via Wikipedia)

Europe, for its part, is, as a whole, a top performer in electric vehicle adoption and it is also very big on environmentalism. At the same time, it still imports crude oil and quite a lot of it, so it cares about oil prices as a large buyer.

China and India are facing challenges in EV adoption. Europe could help and benefit from it. After all, taken together, Europe, China, India, and Japan account for the manufacturing of as much as 65 percent of the world’s cars, and a lot of these are manufactured in Europe.

These four also consume 35 percent of the world’s crude oil and would like to reduce this number.

According to Pope, if they get together, they would be able to negotiate either a more gradual or a faster shift to electric vehicles. It would all depend on whether OPEC would agree to maintain lower prices or not.

A more skeptical view would note the challenges in EV adoption such as subsidies and infrastructure. These would take time to be overcome even if everyone plays together. Yet long-term, an oil buyers’ alliance could be a force to be reckoned with by the oil producers, and they need to start paying attention now.

{Originally published by Used with permission}

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