Two Dead in Protest of India’s Largest Nuclear Power Plant

India police beat woman


KOODANKULAM, Tamil Nadu, India, September 11, 2012 (ENS) – A young girl and a fisherman were killed in a protest Monday against the Koodankulam Nuclear Power Plant under construction on the Tamil Nadu coast at India’s southern tip. Fifteen protesters as well as 10 policemen were injured.

Protesters say the violence erupted at the site of a peaceful fast against construction of what would be India’s largest nuclear power plant that has been taking place for more than 400 days.

Protestors in front of the KKNPP nuclear power plant at India’s southern tip. (Photo courtesy T.V. Antony Raj)

Thomas Kocherry of the World Forum of Fisher Peoples said, “Police has been attacking unarmed villagers who were there to continue their fast on the beach – 500 meters away from the KKNPP against the loading of uranium in the reactor.”

“One girl child was trampled to death by the merciless boots of the khaki clad men,” he said. “Anthonysamy, [G. Antony John] a fishermen from Tutucorin, was shot dead by the police.”

Director General of Police K. Ramanujam told “The Hindu” newspaper that protesters who marched towards Kudankulam would have attacked the nuclear power plant had the police not intervened.

Another police spokesman said the police believed the protesters intended to “storm the nuclear power plant and had strategies to attack the police.”

The protesters say they fear a Fukushima-like nuclear accident that would spread radiation throughout their communities.

The central and state goverments say the KKNPP is perfectly safe. They say they have learned from the Fukushima Daiichi disaster in Japan following an earthquake and tsunami in March 2011 that forced the evacuation of hundreds of thousands from a 30 km radius around that nuclear plant.

India police beat woman
Police assault demonstrators on the beach near the Koodankulam Nuclear Power Plant, September 10, 2012 (Photo courtesy World Forum of Fisher Peoples)

At the protest site Monday, Kocherry said police opened fire on Dr. S.P. Udayakumar, convenor of the nonprofit group People’s Movement Against Nuclear Energy, but Udayakumar, along with fellow protestors, escaped by lying on the ground. Fellow activists took them from the protest area by boat for their safety.

The police have entered Idindakarai village for the first time since the protest has begun last year searching for the leaders, Kocherry said. “They have been publicly announcing all the households to push Udayakumar out to the streets and not provide  shelter to any of the leaders. They have been conducting a search raid in all the houses. They have been also announcing that if Udayakumar was found in any of the houses, the whole family would be encountered to death.”

Kocherry said the police have arrested more than 60 people in coastal villages near the KKNPP. “Protests in support of the anti-nuclear protestors has been spreading from Kanyakumari to Rameshwaram through out the coast of Tamilnadu,” he said. “There has been also news of protest pouring in from Chennai to Delhi. Many people have been arrested in various cities.”

The protesters base their objections on the fact that more than one million people live within the 30 km radius of the KKNPP which they point out exceeds the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board rules. It is impossible to evacuate this many people quickly and efficiently in case of a nuclear disaster at Koodankulam, they warn.

KKNPP protesters
Demonstrators beg the government of India not to commission the KKNPP, September 10, 2012 (Photo courtesy World Forum of Fisher Peoples)

Dr. Udayakumar has said, “the nuclear plant is unsafe” and “the safety analysis report and the site evaluation study have not been made public. No public hearing was held. It’s an authoritarian project that has been imposed on the people.”

“How can a peaceful agitation of villagers against a nuclear power plant in their backyard be a seditious activity? Yet an unprecedented 3,500 protestors have been charged with sedition,” says Nityanand Jayaraman, a prominent environmental activist based in Chennai.

Former India Supreme Court Judge V.R. Krishna Iyer sent a letter Monday to  Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Ms. J. Jayalalithaa imploring her not to commission the Koodankulam nuclear power plant.

“On my bended knees for the safety of people of Tamil Nadu please halt Koodankulam plant,” wrote Judge Iyer.

“Great Jayalalithaa your prestige is in the courage you demonstrate by stopping nuclear power and inaugurating a grand volume of wind power, tidal power and more than all the universal blessing of solar power,” the judge wrote.

“The people of Tamil Nadu and lives and property are too great a value to be forsaken before the syndrome of nuclear Big Business…” he wrote.

But Chief Minister Jayalalithaa said the police acted to protect themselves, the power plant, and also to prevent harm to the general public if the plant came under attack.

Red dot on this map of India shows the location of the KKNPP generating station. (Map courtesy Wikipedia)

Jayalalithaa said the protesters should not agitate since the Madras High Court has approved the nuclear power plant.

A joint India-Russia project, two Russian 1000 MWe VVER reactors have been installed at Koodankulam by Atomstroyexport at a cost of at least US$3 billion to date.

Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited, the plant’s owner/operator, says the “dummy fuel” is being removed from Unit 1 and live fuel loaded in, but the process has not yet begun at Unit 2. According to NPCIL, commercial operation should start later this month.

When completed the two reactors will be the largest nuclear power generation complex in India, producing a cumulative 2 GW of electric power. Four more reactors are set to be added to this plant under a memorandum of intent signed in 2008 between Russia and India.

Tamil Nadu representative of the Alliance for the Release of Innocent Fishermen, U. Arulanandam, said, “The protesters are not fighting for nuclear power or any other benefit. We are only saying that the KKNPP is a potential threat to safety and its effluents will destroy the fish at sea…it is a fight for our livelihood. Women and children are also agitating because it will affect their lives as well.”

Copyright Environment News Service (ENS) 2012. All rights reserved.

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