PORTLAND, Oregon, February 3, 2016 (ENS) – A federal grand jury today indicted Ammon Bundy, his brother Ryan, and 14 co-defendants arrested last week in the armed occupation of the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge in eastern Oregon.

Ammon and Ryan Bundy, the sons of like-minded Nevada rancher Cliven Bundy, led a group of armed followers to the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge in eastern Oregon on January 2. The group commandeered the headquarters building, including computers, files and equipment.

They refused to leave, demanding local control of federal land in Harney County and the release of two local ranchers imprisoned on a grazing lease dispute with authorities.

For nearly three weeks federal law enforcement officials did not step in, but on January 26 the FBI and Oregon State Police cracked down, arresting seven of the occupiers and killing another in a shootout at a traffic stop on an mountainous road between Burns and John Day.

Finicum

State troopers shoot Robert “Lavoy” Finicum, center, on Oregon Highway 395 near milepost 50 in Harney County, Jan. 26, 2016. (Screengrab from FBI video)

Occupation spokesman Robert “LaVoy” Finicum, 54, was shot and killed by state police after he fled in his white truck from the stop, approached a law enforcement roadblock and plowed into a snowbank, an FBI video shows. Finicum then stepped out into the snow.

Greg Bretzing, special agent in charge of the FBI in Oregon, told reporters January 28, “On at least two occasions, Finicum reaches his right hand toward a pocket on the left inside portion of his jacket. He did have a loaded 9 mm semi-automatic handgun in that pocket. At this time, OSP troopers shot Finicum.”

Agents and troopers found three other loaded weapons inside the truck, including two loaded .223 caliber semi-automatic rifles and a .38 special revolver.

The defendents face felony charges of conspiracy to impede officers of the United States from discharging their official duties through the use of force, intimidation, or threats.

Prosecutors returned the sealed indictments early in the day, but the defendents were not in court. Assistant U.S. Attorney Geoff Barrow said he would move to unseal them in less than 24 hours.

Bundy

In front of media, Ammon Bundy, center, and other occupiers sybolically tear down the refuge boundary fence, Jan. 12, 2016 (Screengrab from video on Bundy Ranch Facebook page)

In U.S. District Court, Magistrate Judge Janice Stewart told the defense lawyers, “When an indictment is returned, a defendant no longer has a right to the preliminary hearing. No need for your client to appear.”

The defendants were denied bail last week by a different judge who believes them to be a flight risk.

Although Ammon Bundy has asked them to leave the refuge, four people were still occupying it Wednesday. The refuge remains closed.

The Bundy Ranch Facebook page may be collateral damage in this conflict.

“Dear Friends, we do not expect this Facebook page to remain,” a post there said today. “Facebook is actively removing our posts and today we were threatened with termination of this page by Facebook.”

The opinions expressed on the Bundy Ranch page take issue with the government version of events.

“LaVoy stepped into gunfire to protect those he was with and end a crime in progress,” someone posted there. “Share everywhere. Take back the truth. Share the truth and liberty that will prevail from LaVoy’s murder.”

owl

Great Horned owl, Malheur National Wildlife Refuge, Sept. 2015 (Photo by Jennifer Rowan-Henry)

While many Harney County residents are upset by these events, the closure of their schools for part of January and what they feel is harrassment by the occupiers and their sympathizers, others back the Bundys. The Bundy Ranch Facebook page had 174,143 likes today.

The Malheur National Wildlife Refuge is an oasis of water in the high desert of southeast Oregon. Located along the Pacific Flyway, the refuge manages habitats for migrating birds or birds staying to breed and nest in its 187,757 acres.

The refuge hosts over 58 species of mammals. Ungulates include mule deer, pronghorn antelope and the occasional Rocky Mountain elk.

Coyotes are a common sight, while bobcats and mountain lions are more elusive. Fourteen species of bats and 12 native fish species have been identified on the refuge.

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