TEHRAN, Iran, April 17, 2013 (ENS) – The strongest earthquake to strike Iran in more than 50 years hit the border area between Iran and Pakistan Wednesday afternoon at 15:25 hours local time. The 7.8-magnitude earthquake has claimed the lives of an estimated 40 people and more than 180 others were injured. The number of dead is still unconfirmed.

The ongoing collision of two enormous slabs of the Earth’s crust – the Arabian and Eurasian plates – caused the quake, seismologists say. Its epicenter was about 83 kilometers (52 miles) east of Khash, Iran, a city with a population of more than 70,000.

office workers

Office workers in Karachi, Pakistan were evacuated from their buildings, April 16, 2013 (Photo by Tsufi)

Tremors were felt across Pakistan, India and the Gulf States, with people from New Delhi to Abu Dhabi reporting they felt the earth shake. In Karachi, Pakistan, more than 500 kilometers to the south, office buildings were evacuated.

The massive quake comes just eight days after a magnitude 6.3 earthquake in the Zagros Mountains shook southern Iran on April 9, killing 37 people and leaving 850 injured. This quake occurred 96 kilometers (60 miles) from the port city of Bushehr, where Iran’s nuclear reactor is located.

United Nations officials in Iran and Pakistan today offered assistance, if needed, to both countries.

“The UN stands ready, willing and I dare say able to help, if requested,” Gary Lewis, UN resident coordinator and UN Development Programme representative in Iran, told journalists in New York via a telephone link.

According to the Islamic Republic News Agency, IRNA, the cities of Khash and Saravan, both less than 150 kilometers from the epicenter in southeastern Iran, suffered no serious damage. Power and communications were disrupted in Sistan and Balochistan provinces.

Across the border in western Pakistan, authorities report that as many as 34 people were killed and roughly 80 others injured in the Mashkel district of Balochistan province.

In Pakistan, housing collapsed, leaving hundreds homeless in the town of Mashkel and nearby villages in Washuk district, Balochistan province. In the past hours, at least 10 camps have been established with 400 tents for survivors, Lewis said.

“About 1,700 people have received relief of some nature,” he said about assistance ranging from tents and ground sheets to blankets, water and food.

Another strong quake with a magnitude of 5.6 shook the area Wednesday morning.

If asked to assist, Lewis said his office would deploy UN quick action response teams as well as international search and rescue advisory teams. He said his office would work with the UN Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs based in Geneva with a sub office in Cairo.

nuclear power plant

Iran’s Bushehr nuclear power plant on the Gulf (Photo courtesy IAEA)

Lewis said his office continues to work very closely with Iranian government authorities. “The message coming to us is that it’s being handled locally and the response is comprehensive,” he said.

The International Atomic Energy Agency’s Incident and Emergency Centre contacted the Iran Nuclear Regulatory Authority, INRA, concerning the 7.8 magnitude earthquake in the southeast of the country.

INRA informed the the UN agency that the April 16 earthquake caused no damage to the Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant or other nuclear facilities.

The IAEA has made an offer of good offices to Iran, indicating it is ready to help the country obtain any assistance required to ensure the safety of radioactive sources such as medical equipment that may have been affected by the earthquake. The offer is in line with IAEA’s routine procedures after strong earthquakes that might affect nuclear or radiological safety.

Iran’s nuclear agency said records show no fixed high-level radiation sources in the area of the earthquake.

A number of villages have been assessed and assistance is being provided by the Iranian Red Crescent Society working under the overall coordination of the National Disaster Management Organization.

Meanwhile, UN personnel in Pakistan say they stand ready with humanitarian partners “to support the government’s ongoing relief effort for the people affected by the earthquake and mobilize any international support, if requested.”

“We extend our deep condolences to the people of Pakistan for the devastation that resulted from the earthquake and its aftershocks, particularly to those whose loved ones were injured or lost their lives,” said Humanitarian Coordinator Timo Pakkala.

satellite image

This image, based on elevation data acquired by the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) on NASA’s Terra satellite, shows the area where the earthquake occurred. (Image courtesy NASA)

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today reiterated his condolences to the families affected. Speaking at a press conference at the UN Headquarters in New York, he said that while he continues to follow the emerging details from the region, the extent of the damage appears to be “less than might have been expected given the magnitude.”

Speaking to the Security Council last night, the secretary-general said “the United Nations stands ready to help as necessary if asked to do so.”

Condolences came in from across the world.

Pope Francis appealed for solidarity with those affected by the earthquake. During his weekly General Audience Wednesday in St. Peter’s Square at the Vatican, Pope Francis said, “I learned with sadness of the violent earthquake that has struck the peoples of Iran and Pakistan, bringing death, suffering and destruction.”

India’s Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh sent condolences to President Zardari of Pakistan and to President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad of Iran. The Iranian president was not in the country but was on a visit to the West African nation of Niger.

U.S. Secretary of  State John Kerry said, “The United States sends our deepest condolences for those lost in the earthquake in southeastern Iran and western Pakistan today. Our thoughts are with the families of those who were killed, those who were injured, and with those communities that have suffered damage to homes and property. We stand ready to offer assistance in this difficult time.”

The earthquake highlights the apathy of the governments of Pakistan and Iran towards the plight of the Baloch people, says Washington, DC-based Baloch writer Ahmar Khan.

“Iran has officially reported just one death,” he said today. “At the same time, I do not see official concern in Pakistan over this event. Pakistani newspapers have almost censored the news. Nearly 50 killed in a sparsely populated region with mud homes is a big tragedy.”

Balochistan is the region where Pakistan carried out its nuclear tests in May 1998. Khan cites locals from the region as saying there are indications that Pakistan may be planning more nuclear tests in the region.

Copyright Environment News Service (ENS) 2013. All rights reserved.